Situated on Israel’s balmy Mediterranean coast, central Tel Aviv is an eclectic mixture of old and new, made distinct by its white 1930s Bauhaus buildings, thousands of which are clustered in its aptly named White City.
Central Tel Aviv manages to successfully juggle both historical and modern life at the same time. Situated in one direction is the Eretz Israel Museum displaying Israel’s archaeology, crafts, folklore and an on-site excavation of 12th century B.C. ruins, and in the other lies Dizengoff Square, described at one time as the Champs-Élysées of Tel Aviv.” Thought of as the heart and soul of Tel Aviv’s day and night life, this well-known street has a plethora of upmarket shops, malls, antique markets, cheerful cafes, local and international restaurants and lively nightclubs. Close by on the pedestrian-friendly Nachalat Binyamin, a world of arts and crafts awaits. Nearby is Rabin Square, renamed in honour of assassinated Prime Minister Isaac Rabin, Bialik Square and Masaryk Square, all home to iconic, historical buildings and museums together with Ben-Gurion House, the residence of Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion and where Israel's Declaration of Independence was written.
Tel Aviv Central Bus Station, known as the New Central Bus Station, is the main bus station of Tel Aviv situated to the south of the city and serving the entire country. There is also large taxi service, though only a limited service is offered on “Shabbat” the Jewish day of rest. Tel Aviv has two main train stations, Merkaz Train Station and Hashalom, both serving local and national destinations.
Tel Aviv, meaning “hill of spring” was originally named Ahuzat Bayit. Founded in 1909 by 60 families, it is the first all-Jewish city in modern times. The name was changed in 1910 to its present name.